What Is The Hazard Perception Test?
The Hazard Perception Test is the second part of the car driving theory test. Everybody must pass both parts of the theory test in order to take the practical car driving test. When you attend the theory test, you will complete the multiple choice part first, and then the hazard perception part. It’s on the computer and consists of fourteen short video clips of a driving scenario from the driver’s point of view. You have to identify potential hazards developing on the road in front of you.
A hazard is something that will cause you, as the driver, to change speed, stop, change direction or change your position on the road. Examples might include a pedestrian or cyclist crossing the road or on the side of the road, vehicles pulling out from parking spaces or junctions, obstructions or slow vehicles on your side of the road, places where the road narrows and there’s the possibility of meeting traffic in the opposite direction, vehicles moving across the road in front, or animals on the road. If you do not recognise the developing hazard and take appropriate action, then you would need to brake suddenly, swerve or cause an accident. Being able to read the road ahead and prepare to take safe action in response to any potential hazard is a crucial part of driving.
How it works:
The test begins with a short tutorial on the computer screen, explaining how the test works and what you have to do. You can watch the tutorial as many times as you like.
When you are ready, you click for the test to start. Each clip starts with a freeze frame and a short countdown to make sure that you are ready. The clip lasts for about one minute, and is silent. At the bottom of the screen is a grey band. In each clip there will be at least one potential hazard which could develop. One of the clips will have two hazards. The sooner you recognise the hazard, the higher your score will be. As soon as you think that you have identified a potential hazard click with the mouse, a red flag will appear on the grey bar at the bottom of the screen. If you click too early, before the potential hazard begins to develop, you will be outside the scoring window and will not score, so click again if the hazard continues to materialise. The computer will recognise your earliest click in the scoring window. Do be careful not to click too many times though, as the computer will think that you are cheating by just regularly clicking, and will score you zero for that clip.
With fifteen potential hazards to recognise, and a maximum score of five points for each hazard, there is a maximum possible score of seventy-five points for this test. To pass you must score at least forty-four points.
At the end of your Hazard Perception Test you will be given the result of both parts of your theory test. If you pass you will get a pass certificate which you will need to book and take your practical test. The pass lasts for two years, if you haven’t passed your practical test by the end of the two years, then you will need to pass the Theory Test again.